Abraham Mapu and Rebeka Kim

Abraham Mapu

Abraham Mapu (1808, Vilijampolė, Kaunas – 1867, Königsberg, Prussia) was a Lithuanian Jewish novelist in Hebrew of the Haskalah ("enlightenment") movement. His novels later served as a basis for the Zionist movement.

Contents 1 Biography 2 Evaluation 3 Legacy 4 Novels 5 Commemorations 6 References 7 External links

Biography

As a child, Mapu studied in a cheder where his father served as a teacher. He married in 1825.

For many years he was an impoverished, itinerant schoolmaster. Mapu gained financial security when he was appointed teacher in a government school for Jewish children. He worked as a teacher in various towns and cities, joined the Haskalah movement, and studied German, French and Russian. He also studied Latin from a translation of the Bible to that language, given him by his local rabbi.

He returned in 1848 to Kaunas and self-published his first historical novel, Ahavat Zion. This is considered the first Hebrew novel. He began work on it in 1830 but completed it only in 1853. Unable to fully subsist on his book sales, he relied on the support of his brother, Matisyahu. In 1867 he moved to Königsberg due to illness, published his last book, Amon Pedagogue (Amon means something like Mentor), and died there. Evaluation

Mapu is considered the first Hebrew novelist. Influenced by French Romanticism, he wrote intricately plotted stories about life in ancient Israel, which he contrasted favorably with 19th-century Jewish life. His style is fresh and poetic, almost Biblical in its simple grandeur. Legacy

The romantic-nationalistic ideas in his novels later inspired David Ben-Gurion and others and served as the basis for the implementation of these ideas in the Zionist movement that later led to the establishment of the state of Israel. The American Hebrew poet, Gabriel Preil, references Mapu in one of his works, and focuses on the two writers' native Lithuania. Novels Ayit Tzavua (1858) (Hypocrite Eagle) Ahavat Zion (1853) (Amnon, Prince and Peasant as translated by F. Jaffe in 1887) Ashmat Shomron (date unsure of) (Guilt of Samaria) Commemorations

Streets bearing his name are found in the Kaunas Old Town and in the Israeli cities of Tel-Aviv and Jerusalem. A well-known Israeli novel called "The Children from Mapu Street" ("הילדים מרחוב מאפו") also celebrates his name.

Rebeka Kim and Abraham Mapu

Rebeka Kim (Hangul: 레베카 김, born January 27, 1998) is a South Korean ice dancer. With partner Kirill Minov, she placed sixth at the 2014 World Junior Championships. Earlier in her career, Kim competed in single skating. She is the 2009 Nestle Nesquik Cup novice champion.

Contents 1 Personal life 2 Career 2.1 Until 2011: Single skating 2.2 From 2012: Ice dancing 2.3 Senior Career 3 Programs 4 Competitive highlights 4.1 Ice dancing with Minov 4.2 Single skating 5 Detailed results 6 References 7 External links

Personal life

Kim grew up in Vilnius, Lithuania but has kept her citizenship as Korean. She speaks Russian, Korean, English and Lithuanian fluently. Since 2010, Kim has trained in Moscow, Russia. Kim's family also moved to Moscow for Kim's skating training. Career Until 2011: Single skating

Kim began figure skating at age 7. She initially competed in single skating. Kim participated at the 2009 Lithuanian Championships, where she won the novice title. In 2009, the Korean media dubbed her "another Kim Yu-Na". In February 2009, the KBS Global network Korean ran a documentary on Rebeka Kim. From 2012: Ice dancing

In 2012, Kim began competing in ice dancing with partner Kirill Minov, representing South Korea. They are coached by Irina Zhuk and Alexander Svinin. Kim/Minov were assigned to 2012–13 ISU Junior Grand Prix events in Austria and Croatia. They missed the first event waiting for the International Skating Union to grant permission for Minov's change of country — he was cleared to represent South Korea on September 21, 2012. Kim/Minov finished 10th in their international debut in Croatia. They qualified for the free dance at the 2013 World Junior Championships in Milan and finished 20th overall.

In November 2013, Kim/Minov won the junior ice dance event at the 2013 NRW Trophy which made them the first Korean ice dance team to win an international event. They placed sixth at the 2014 World Junior Championships in Sofia. Senior Career

Kim and Minov started their first senior season with the Nebelhorn trophy, where they placed in 7th place. Programs

(with Minov) Competitive highlights Ice dancing with Minov Single skating Detailed results Season bests highlighted in Italic.
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