Lady Ottoline Morrell and IbstockPortrait of Lady Ottoline Morrell by Adolf de Meyer, c. 1912Lady Ottoline Violet Anne Morrell (16 June 1873 – 21 April 1938) was an English aristocrat and society hostess. Her patronage was influential in artistic and intellectual circles, where she befriended writers including Aldous Huxley, Siegfried Sassoon, T. S. Eliot and D. H. Lawrence, and artists including Mark Gertler, Dora Carrington and Gilbert Spencer.Contents 1 Early life 2 Notable love affairs 3 Hospitality 4 Later life 5 Her after-life in literature 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External linksEarly lifeBorn Ottoline Violet Anne Cavendish-Bentinck, she was the daughter of Lieutenant-General Arthur Cavendish-Bentinck (son of Lord and Lady Charles Bentinck) and his second wife, the former Augusta Browne, later created Baroness Bolsover. Lady Ottoline's great-great-uncle (through her paternal grandmother, Lady Anne Wellesley) was Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. Ottoline was granted the rank of a daughter of a duke with the courtesy title of "Lady" when her half-brother William succeeded to the Dukedom of Portland in 1879, at which time the family moved into Welbeck Abbey in Nottinghamshire. The dukedom was a title which belonged to the Cavendish-Bentinck family and which passed to Lady Ottoline's branch upon the death of their cousin William Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck. Notable love affairsMorrell was known to have had many lovers. Her first love affair was with an older man, the doctor and writer Axel Munthe, but she rejected his impulsive proposal of marriage because her spiritual beliefs were incompatible with his atheism. In February 1902, she married the MP Philip Morrell, with whom she shared a passion for art and a strong interest in Liberal politics. They shared what would now be known as an open marriage for the rest of their lives. Philip's extramarital affairs produced several children who were cared for by his wife, who also struggled to conceal evidence of his mental instability. The Morrells themselves had two children (twins): a son, Hugh, who died in infancy, and a daughter, Julian.Morrell's lovers may have included the philosopher Bertrand Russell, the painters Augustus John, and Henry Lamb, the artist Dora Carrington, the art historian Roger Fry, and in her later years, there was even a brief affair with a gardener, Lionel Gomme, who was employed at Garsington. Her circle of friends included many authors, artists, sculptors and poets. Her work as a patron was enduring and influential, notably in her contribution to the Contemporary Art Society during its early years. HospitalityThe Morrells maintained a townhouse in Bedford Square, in the Central London neighbourhood known as Bloomsbury, and restored Garsington Manor near Oxford. Morrell delighted in opening both as havens for like-minded people. 44 Bedford Square served as her London salon, while Garsington provided a convenient retreat, near enough to London for many of their friends to join them for weekends. She took a keen interest in the work of young contemporary artists, such as Stanley Spencer, and she was particularly close to Mark Gertler and Dora Carrington, who were regular visitors to Garsington during the war, whilst Gilbert Spencer lived for a while in a house on the Garsington estate.During World War I, the Morrells were notable pacifists, not a popular position then. They invited conscientious objectors such as Duncan Grant, Clive Bell, and Lytton Strachey to take refuge at Garsington. Siegfried Sassoon, recuperating there after an injury, was encouraged to go absent without leave as a protest against the war.The hospitality offered by the Morrells was such that most of their guests had no suspicion that they were in financial difficulties. Many of them assumed that Ottoline was a wealthy woman. This was far from being the case and during 1927, the Morrells were compelled to sell the manorhouse and its estate, and move to more modest quarters in Gower Street. In 1928 she was diagnosed with cancer, which resulted in a long hospitalization and the removal of her lower teeth and part of her jaw. Later life Monument to Lady Ottoline Morrell by Eric Gill in St Mary's parish church, GarsingtonLater, Lady Ottoline remained a regular host to the adherents of the Bloomsbury Group, in particular Virginia Woolf, and to many other artists and authors, who included WB Yeats, LP Hartley, T.S. Eliot, and an enduring friendship with Welsh painter Augustus John. She was an influential patron to many of them, and a valued friend, who nevertheless attracted understandable mockery, due to her combination of eccentric attire with an aristocratic manner, extreme shyness and a deep religious faith that set her apart from her times. Her pioneering work as a decorator, colourist, and garden designer remains, to this day, curiously undervalued, but it was for her great gift for friendship that she was mourned when she died 21 April 1938. She actually died from an experimental drug given by a doctor. Henry Green, the novelist, wrote to Philip Morrell of "her love for all things true and beautiful which she had more than anyone...no one can ever know the immeasurable good she did".Her memorial in St Winifred's Church, Holbeck was carved by Eric Gill. Her after-life in literatureMorrell wrote two volumes of memoirs, but these were edited and revised after her death, losing a little of their charm and much of their intimate detail in the process. She also maintained detailed journals, over a period of twenty years, which remain unpublished. But perhaps Lady Ottoline's most interesting literary legacy is the wealth of representations of her that appear in 20th-century literature. She was the inspiration for Mrs Bidlake in Aldous Huxley's Point Counter Point, for Hermione Roddice in D. H. Lawrence's Women in Love, for Lady Caroline Bury in Graham Greene's It's a Battlefield, and for Lady Sybilline Quarrell in Alan Bennett's Forty Years On. The Coming Back (1933), another novel which portrays her, was written by Constance Malleson, one of Ottoline's many rivals for the affection of Bertrand Russell. Some critics consider her the inspiration for Lawrence's Lady Chatterley. Huxley's roman à clef, Crome Yellow depicts the life at a thinly-veiled Garsington.Non-literary portraits are also part of this interesting legacy, for example, as seen in the artistic photographs of her by Cecil Beaton. There are portraits by Henry Lamb, Duncan Grant, Augustus John, and others. She is portrayed by Tilda Swinton in Derek Jarman's film Wittgenstein and by Penelope Wilton in Christopher Hampton's film Carrington. See also Headington Hill Hall, Oxford
Ibstock and Lady Ottoline MorrellCoordinates: 52°41′13″N 1°24′04″W / 52.687°N 1.401°W / 52.687; -1.401Ibstock is a village and civil parish about 2.5 miles (4 km) south of Coalville in North West Leicestershire, England. The village is on the A447 road Between Coalville and Hinckley.The toponym Ibstock could be a derivative of Ibestoche meaning the dairy farm of Ibba, which is an Old English personal name also found in other toponyms.Contents 1 Manor 2 Parish church 3 Economic and social history 4 Notable people 5 References 6 Sources and further reading 7 External linksManorThe Domesday Book of 1086 records Ibstock as a hamlet with six ploughlands. The parish along with a grange held by the Cistercian Garendon Abbey, has a long early association with the Burtons of Bourton-on-Dunsmore in Warwickshire. Early in the 17th century Sir William Stafford of Blatherwick in Northamptonshire owned the manor of Ibstock. Parish churchThe Church of England parish church of Saint Denis was built entirely in the early 14th century. It is an Decorated Gothic building with a west tower and recessed spire. The nave has two aisles; the north with conventional octagonal piers but the south with less usual hexagonal ones. The rectory is Georgian and has a porch with four Tuscan columns.William Laud, later Archbishop of Canterbury, supporter of the divine right of kings and author of the Laudian reforms held the living here 1617–26. At the outbreak of the English Civil War in 1642, John Lufton, then Rector of Ibstock, was accused in the House of Commons of interrupting the execution of the militia ordinance. His living was sequestrated by the County Committee in August 1646.The parish of Ibstock formerly included the dependent chapelries of Donington le Heath and Hugglescote but the increase of population led to the establishment of a separate ecclesiastical parish in the 19th century. Economic and social historyRalph Josselin, the noted clerical diarist and incumbent of a parish in Essex, briefly stayed in Ibstock during the English Civil War. On 17 September 1645 he marched from Leicester with the parliamentary army and quartered at Ibstock, noting that it had been "Laud's living, and now Dr Lovedyn a great Cavailier" and that although his diet was "very good" his lodgings were "indifferent". Josselin was alarmed to discover on his return the next day that a man had been killed just outside his lodgings near where he had stood closely a while before "not knowing of the pardue in the ditch".In 1774 the township was enclosed and in 1792 a free school for fifty poor children of the parish was founded. The 1801 Census gives a total population of 763, in 152 families, two thirds engaged in agriculture, the rest in trade and manufacturing. By 1811 the population had increased to 836.Ibstock is a former coal mining community.In the 19th century a branch of the Ashby and Nuneaton Joint Railway was built through the area and Ibstock and Heather railway station was opened to serve the village. In the mid-20th century this was closed as a result of The Reshaping of British Railways report. The station master's house on Station Road survives. Notable people Jack "Red" Beattie – ice hockey player in the National Hockey League, Boston Bruins, Detroit Red Wings, and New York Americans Andrew Betts – Great Britain basketball player Felix Buxton – musician, Basement Jaxx Stephen Graham – actor, Snatch and Gangs of New York William Laud – Archbishop of Canterbury and adviser to Charles I Spencer Madan – Bishop of Bristol, Bishop of Peterborough Dorian West – Rugby footballer, Rugby World Cup winner Bernard Newman - Author Horace Greasley - British prisoner of war who later gained fame for escaping from his POW camp over 200 times, and returning back into captivity each time.
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