Gerald Edwin Hamilton Barrett-Hamilton and Bridget Monckton, 11th Lady Ruthven of FreelandMajor Gerald Edwin Hamilton Barrett-Hamilton (1871 – 1914) was a notable British/Irish natural historian, co-author with M. A. C. Hinton of A History of British Mammals, which remained "the most thorough, accurate and scientific publication" on British mammals until the 1950s.He was born in India of Irish parents, who returned and settled at Kilmanock in County Wexford when the boy was three years old. He was educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge, spending summer holidays botanizing at home under the encouragement of A. G. More. He took a commission in the 5th Irish Rifles, in which he served in the Anglo-Boer War between 1901-1902. He later worked in the Natural History Museum, London, and worked on various Government investigations. He married Maud Charlotte Eland, of Ravenshill, Transvaal. They had six children.In his work as a natural historian, he described a great number of new species of small mammal on the islands around the British Isles, notably the house mice and field mice of St. Kilda which he called Mus muralis and Mus hirtensis, believing that these had evolved in situ having colonised the islands naturally via land or ice-bridges. Although this has been demonstrated to be wrong, and many of his described species are now regarded as island forms rather than species in their own right, his contribution to natural history was enormous. He was a valued contributor to the Irish Naturalist journal. His papers and correspondence are held at the University of Manitoba.He died on 17 January 1914 of pneumonia following a heart attack on South Georgia Island in the South Antarctic whilst leading a British Government investigation into the whale and seal fisheries there.Contents 1 Works 2 References 3 Further reading 4 External linksWorks 'On a collection of mice (Mus hirtensis and M. muralis) from St Kilda', Annals of Scottish Natural History, 57 (1906), 1-4. A History of British Mammals, part completed to vol 21, 1910-1921
Bridget Monckton, 11th Lady Ruthven of Freeland and Gerald Edwin Hamilton Barrett-HamiltonBridget Helen "Biddy" Monckton, 11th Lady Ruthven of Freeland CBE (27 July 1896–17 April 1982), also known as The Countess of Carlisle between 1918 and 1947, as Lady Monckton between 1947 and 1957, as The Viscountess Monckton of Brenchley between 1957 and 1965 and as The Dowager Viscountess Monckton of Brenchley between 1965 and 1982, was a British peeress and Conservative member of the House of Lords, but is probably best remembered as the wartime commander of women's services in India.Contents 1 Early Life 2 Family 3 Military Career 4 Remarriage 5 Peerage 6 References 7 External linksEarly LifeThe Honourable Bridget Hore-Ruthven was born in 1896, the eldest of the four daughters of Major-General Walter Hore-Ruthven, 10th Lord Ruthven of Freeland.The General's title dated back to 1651 and was in the peerage of Scotland - hence the form: the Lord Ruthven rather than Baron Ruthven - which meant that, unlike most English, Irish, British and UK titles, it could be inherited, as a matter of course, by a daughter.Her mother, Jean, was the daughter of Norman George Lampson, DL, JP, younger son of Sir Curtis Lampson, 1st Baronet.Bridget was therefore the niece both of Miles Lampson, 1st Baron Killearn, and of Alexander Hore-Ruthven, 1st Earl of Gowrie. FamilyOn 17 January 1918 she married George Howard, 11th Earl of Carlisle, becoming the Countess of Carlisle. They had two children: Lady Carolyn Bridget Dacre Howard (b. 1919). Charles James Ruthven Howard (1923-1994), who held the courtesy-title of Viscount Howard of Morpeth, until he became the 12th Earl of Carlisle. Military CareerAt the beginning of the Second World War, Lady Carlisle was a Senior Controller of the Auxiliary Territorial Service. The Countess of Carlisle was then promoted to become the Director of the Women's Army Corps (India) - the Indian counterpart of the ATS - and of the Women's Royal Indian Naval Service (WRINS). For her work in command, she was appointed a CBE (military division) in 1947. RemarriageIn 1947, Lord and Lady Carlisle divorced. Lady Carlisle then became the second wife of Sir Walter Monckton, as Lady Monckton. They had no children. PeerageIn 1956, on the death of her father, Lady Monckton inherited the lordship of Ruthven of Freeland. She was now, suo jure, the Lady Ruthven of Freeland, although she also remained, still, Bridget, Lady Monckton.In 1957, her husband received a peerage too, when he was created the first Viscount Monckton of Brenchley. Lady Ruthven of Freeland's marital title was now: the Viscountess Monckton of Brenchley.She took up her seat in the House of Lords in 1963 after the Peerage Act 1963 gave all Scottish peers and all female holders of hereditary peerages the right to sit in the upper chamber of parliament.Lady Monckton of Brenchley died in April 1982, aged 85, and was succeeded in her title by her son, the Earl of Carlisle.
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