Antonio de Olaguer y Feliú and Vayusena Medal

Don Antonio Olaguer Feliú

Antonio Olaguer Feliú (1742–1813) was a Spanish soldier and politician who spent most of his career in South America.

Contents 1 Biography 2 Coat of Arms 3 Notes 4 References

Biography

Born in Villafranca del Bierzo, León, Olaguer Feliú was sent to Buenos Aires as a military specialist during the governorship of Pedro de Cevallos. He took part in the siege of Colonia del Sacramento in 1777. He was named military inspector in 1783.

He served as Governor of Montevideo between August 2, 1790 and February 11, 1797, and in 1792 was promoted to Field Marshal.

Then don Antonio Olaguer Feliú was named Viceroy of the Río de la Plata, a position he occupied between May 2, 1797 and May 14, 1799. Coat of arms of Antonio Olaguer Feliú, used as Viceroy of the Río de la Plata.

During his mandate, he had to contend with the presence of British and Portuguese forces in the Río de la Plata region, as well as nascent revolutionary sentiment inspired by the recent French Revolution. He opened the port of Buenos Aires to foreign traffic in a bid to stimulate the commercial activities of the Viceroyalty, which had begun to suffer from the growing tensions between the European powers.

On his return to Spain he was named Secretary of War by Charles IV. He died in Madrid in 1813. Coat of Arms

The shield was party per pale. The first party was quartered. In the first and fourth quarters, there was a mount in natural colors on an argent field. In the second and third quarters, there were an argent oval roundel surrounded by eight argent stars on a gules field. In the second party, there were five argent castles triple towered in saltire on a gules field. External ornaments: the shield had six flags and two banners characteristic of Field Marshals and other ornaments (guns, spears, halberd, sword, drums, etc.) of the profession of arms. The coat of arms had a helmet with seven bars and surmounted by a Field Marshal coronet. Notes ^ Demaría & Molina de Castro 2001, p. 199. ^ Demaría & Molina de Castro 2001, p. 199-201. ^ Fajardo Terán 1978, p. 185-186.

Vayusena Medal and Antonio de Olaguer y Feliú

The Vayusena Medal is an Indian military decoration, usually awarded in peacetime for a job well done. However it has been granted during times of conflict for acts of gallantry in the face of enemy, though not in the same numbers as the Vir Chakra.

Posthumous awards may be made and a bar is authorized for subsequent awards of the Vayu Sena Medal.

The VM was established on 17 June 1960 by the President of India and awards have been made from 1961 onwards. Awards over the past decade or more have been classified into two categories. One is Vayu Sena Medal (Gallantry) and the other Vayu Sena Medal (Devotion to Duty).

Contents 1 Description 2 Examples of recipients 3 References 4 External links

Description

Obverse: A four-armed silver star with the points shaped like lotus blooms. In the centre, the national emblem. Suspended by a straight bar suspender and normally named and dated on the edge.

Reverse: A Himalayan Eagle with wings spread, and the legend, above and below, in Hindi "Vayu Sena Medal" or "Air Force / Medal".

Ribbon: 30 mm, alternating 2 mm diagonal (lower left to upper right) stripes of grey and orange-saffron. The ribbon has an overall "woven" appearance. Examples of recipients

To understand the award better, a sample recipient would be that of the second-award bar to Squadron Leader Harchand Singh Gill, Indian Air Force:

"In October 1953, a composite column of Assam Rifles and a Civil Administrative party was attacked by armed Tagins and some officers and men were killed. Sqn-Ldr. H. S. Gill was in command of the detachment of Dakotas for the airlanding of troops. The work of airlanding personnel and supplies on the two small available landing grounds was difficult. Notwithstanding the difficulties Sqn.-Ldr. Gill with his keen enthusiasm, boundless energy and courage personally carried out the major portion of the landings at Doporijo. By his tireless work, the airlift which had appeared impossible, became a reality. He showed courage and devotion to duty of the highest order."

Sqn-Ldr. H.S. Gill was born in Mullanpur, Punjab, India. He was born on March 25, 1925.
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