HIV/AIDS in Benin and Scorched 3D

The number of adults and children living with HIV/AIDS in Benin in 2003 was estimated by the Joint United Nations Programme for HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) to range between 38,000 and 120,000, with nearly equal numbers of males and females. A recent study conducted by the National AIDS Control Program estimated the number of people living with HIV/AIDS to be 71,950. In 2003, an estimated 6,140 adults and children died of AIDS. Benin has a well-functioning system of antenatal HIV surveillance; in 2002, the median HIV prevalence at 36 antenatal clinics was 1.9%. Another study in 2002 showed an overall prevalence of 2.3% among adults in Cotonou, Benin's largest city.

Heterosexual intercourse and mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) are the primary modes of HIV transmission in Benin. HIV prevalence is relatively low compared with rates in most other countries in sub-Saharan Africa, but the virus is spreading steadily among young adults and vulnerable populations. In a 2002 study, an HIV prevalence of 44.7% was found among sex workers in four urban areas. In 2002, another study showed that HIV among sex workers in Cotonou, while still very high, had declined from nearly 60% in 1996 to 50% in 1999 and to 39% in 2002.

At the end of 2003, approximately 5,700 children aged 14 or younger were living with HIV/AIDS, mainly as a result of MTCT of HIV. At the end of 2003, nearly 34,000 children under age 17 had lost one or both parents to AIDS, and only 1,000 of these had received assistance such as food aid, health care, protection services, or psychosocial support.

Although knowledge of HIV and modes of transmission and prevention is widespread in Benin, prevention communication efforts have not led to a corresponding shift in behavior. The rising incidence of HIV is due primarily to poverty, migration, unsafe sexual practices, misperceptions regarding risk, and the low status of women, 80% of whom are illiterate. National response

Benin is a very poor country. More than a third of the population lives in poverty. Adult illiteracy, especially among women, and under-five child mortality are both high. Population growth is making it difficult for Benin to achieve sustainable social and economic development.

The president and other political leaders have publicly supported the fight against HIV/AIDS. National funding for HIV/AIDS activities, derived from the federal budget and debt-relief funds, totalled approximately $3.2 million in 2003.

With the current plan for the period 2001–2005, Benin is nearing the end of its fourth intermediate national strategy to control HIV/AIDS. The plan calls for promoting greater awareness of HIV/AIDS through a variety of public information, education, and communication efforts. Prevention, care, support, and treatment efforts are aimed at youth, women, migrants, sex workers, and persons living with HIV/AIDS. Benin receives multinational support for HIV/AIDS activities from the United States; the five-country, World Bank-led HIV/AIDS Abidjan-Lagos Transport Corridor project; the World Health Organization (WHO) 3x5 Initiative; and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM). Still, Benin faces a financial gap of approximately $32 million to fully implement its national strategic plan. See also AIDS pandemic HIV/AIDS in Africa

Scorched 3D and HIV/AIDS in Benin

Scorched 3D is a free-to-play artillery game modeled after the classic DOS game Scorched Earth. Scorched 3D offers a new game-play approach compared to the 2D original, such as: fully immersive destructible 3D environments, devastating weapons and defensive gadgets, LAN play, online multiplayer, free player generated content, and a choice of real-time or turn-based play modes.

Scorched 3D is an open source game under GPL, and supports numerous platforms: Microsoft Windows, Unix-like, Linux, FreeBSD, Mac OS X, and Solaris operating systems. It makes use of both, the Simple DirectMedia Library and wxWidgets.

Contents 1 Gameplay & Mechanics 2 Community Mods 3 Player Statistics & Ranking 4 History 5 References 6 External links

Gameplay & Mechanics A screenshot of Scorched 3D V43.3d A screenshot of Scorched 3D V43.3d A screenshot of AWE Mod V44Beta

Gameplay is simplistic in nature, yet requires skill, tactics, and practice to master. Scorched 3D challenges players to destroy enemy tanks using a vast arsenal of weapon systems, defense systems, gadgets, and maneuvers. At the beginning of each round, AI and player controlled tanks are randomly situated on a fully deform-able 3D landscape. Players then launch weapons at enemy tanks by gradually adjusting their tank's angle, rotation, and power. They may also equip shields and use defensive gadgets or countermeasures based on their current landscape position. To win, a player must kill a majority of the enemy tanks by the end of 10 rounds and have the highest score. Extra score and rewards are given for surviving the end of a round.

Another important element of gameplay, is the dynamic economy. Players may earn cash each round by damaging or killing enemy tanks and structures. The player can then use their funds to buy advanced special weapons, gadgets, defenses and fuels before the next round. Every shield and weapon is unique, and each has a variety of different strengths and weaknesses. Players can influence the economy by purchasing weapons and upgrades. The economy is designed to fluctuate based on player buying patterns.

The default mode stays true to the original gameplay formula of Scorched Earth. Nearly all classic weapons make a new 3D debut, and include: The devastating and colorful Funky Bomb The ultra destructive Death's Head Land hugging explosive Rollers Dirt destroying Missiles Tank incinerating Napalm Nuclear Weapons Mountain piercing Lasers Multiple warhead MIRVs

Defense is also important on the battlefield: Batteries allow a player to repair their damaged tank. Shields protect a player's tank from being damaged or destroyed. Magnetic shields and Force Shields repel and reflect incoming enemy weapons. Parachutes prevent damage from falling (when dirt is blasted out from under a tank). Fuel allows a player to move their tank across the 3D landscape, and is used to avoid incoming enemy weapons, attack an enemy position, scramble to cover, or to gain a more advantageous firing position. Community Mods Explosive Roller from AWE Mod

Scorched 3D is heavily user modifiable, and supports a variety of exotic community mods that users may choose to download: Apocalypse Mod Armored Warfare Edition Mod Scorch Wars Mod Pink Panther Mod Merge Mod Raptor Mod Scavenger Hunt Mod Shock Mod Player Statistics & Ranking Example of forum medals

Scorched 3D allows players to view and gain stats and medals that are displayed in the scorched3d.co.uk forums. These stats appear if the player has registered their username at the forum and have linked their in game Player ID via the website's User Control Panel. Accumulated scores are based on skill, deaths, kills, and rank. The higher the rank number, the less skilled, or less active a player generally is.

Medals are gained through winning tournaments and destroying the most enemy tanks by the end of the season. History Scorched 3D v1.0 terrain generator

The first build was created in April 2001 by lead developer Gavin Camp. The inspiration behind Scorched 3D was revealed in an interview with him on The O'Reilly Network:

Scorched Earth was an institution for me and my friends at university. On many nights we would play the game while drinking — though it is pretty good even without the drink. Recently on a boring flight I played it with friends for eight hours straight; we hardly noticed the time passing. I thought that Scorched in 3D would allow many more game concepts, and also combine my love of 3D graphics with the classic game.

Scorched 3D originally started as a 3D landscape generator. It was eventually converted into a game, and is continually updated with new features and concepts. The project is currently being hosted by SourceForge.net. The latest public release version is v43.3d which streamlines and improves the user's playing experience. Version 43.3d also has a new real-time gameplay mode,as well as a new included mod AWE (Armored Warfare Edition.)
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