Floyd Mann and Richard Zenith

Floyd Mann was born August. 20, 1920, in Daviston, Tallapoosa County, Alabama. He was schooled in Davidson and Alexander City, Alabama. He joined the United States Army Air Corps, serving as a tail gunner on a B-17, where he flew 27 combat missions including the first daylight raid on Berlin. He received numerous awards including the Distinguished Flying Cross. He married Grace Doss of Fort Worth, Texas, on November 25, 1944. After his military service he served as a security officer at Republic Steel in Gadsden. Afterwards he served as a police officer in Alexander City, where he rose to the rank of lieutenant.

From 1950 until 1958, he served as the chief of police of Opelika, where he assisted with the cleanup of gambling and corruption that had spilled over from Phoenix City. During this time he developed a close relationship with John Patterson who later became attorney general and governor.From 1959 until 1963, he served as director of the Alabama Department of Public Safety, appointed by Governor John Patterson. Freedom Riders

Mann was the Director of Public Safety for the state of Alabama in 1961, when the nonviolent Freedom Riders came into the state seeking an end to segregation. The state's governor at that time, John Patterson, was resisting Attorney General Robert Kennedy's demands that the Freedom Riders be protected from the Ku Klux Klan and others who were attacking them at their Alabama stops. Patterson was a committed segregationist who called the Freedom Riders "fools" and "agitators" for whom he did not want to "play nursemaid".

Mann offered to protect the riders if he was given the proper resources. With the understanding that the state and city police of Alabama would offer assistance.

Kennedy sent a representative down to talk to Patterson, who had his entire cabinet attend the meeting. He based his repeated refusal to protect the nonviolent demonstrators from the Klan on his argument that such protection was impossible to provide, and well beyond the capabilities of local or state law enforcement.

Violence in Alabama was organized by Birmingham Police Sergeant Tom Cook (an avid Ku Klux Klan supporter) and police commissioner Bull Connor. The pair made plans to bring the Ride to an end in Alabama. When the bus arrived in Birmingham, it was attacked by a mob of Ku Klux Klan members, aided and abetted by the police under the orders of Commissioner Bull Connor. As the riders exited the bus, they were mercilessly beaten by the mob with baseball bats, iron pipes and bicycle chains. Among the Klansmen attacking the riders was FBI informant Gary Thomas Rowe. White Freedom Riders were particularly singled out for frenzied beatings; James Peck required more than 50 stitches to the wounds in his head. Peck was taken to Carraway Methodist Medical Center, which refused to treat him; he was later treated at Jefferson Hillman Hospital.

Connor claimed that he posted no officers at the bus depot because of the holiday; however, it was later discovered that the FBI knew of the planned attack and that the city police stayed away on purpose. Patterson offered no apologies, explaining, "When you go somewhere looking for trouble, you usually find it . . . . You just can't guarantee the safety of a fool and that's what these folks are, just fools." When asked about Connor, Mann said "He was in charge, Bull Connor was in charge of the police department in Birmingham at that point in time. He was police commissioner." "his comment was that it was just absolutely ridiculous for those people to be in Alabama doing what they were doing."

Mann arrived on the loading dock a few minutes into the riot. He had been suspicious of Sullivan's assurances, but had no authority within the city limits. As a result, Mann had stationed highway patrolman a few blocks away, but amidst the chaos inside the station, he had to act on his own. A young black, William Barbee, was knocked to the pavement, then struck repeatedly with a heavy club; the mob was shouting, ‘Kill him! Kill him!’ It might have happened but for the sudden intervention of Colonel Floyd Mann, the Alabama Public Safety Director, who drew his pistol and ordered the attackers back, threatening to shoot if they didn’t. Firing warning shots, he came to the rescue of the Freedom Riders being beaten on the loading platform. He managed to back off some of the attackers. He also saved the life of Jim Zwerg. Zwerg had been beaten badly by the rioters. Two Freedom Riders and a reporter carried Zwerg, who appeared to be dying, to a taxicab. The white driver refused to drive Zwerg to the hospital. A deputy sheriff arrived - to read the injunction to Zwerg and the two other Freedom Riders. An African-American taxi driver agreed to take them to a doctor, but the police would not allow Zwerg to go. He would have to wait until a white ambulance arrived. Since Sullivan, as he later explained, had arranged for all the white ambulances to be in the repair shop on this date, the ambulance would never arrive. Mann had to intervene, directing one of his patrolmen to drive Zwerg to a hospital. (Zwerg would be hospitalized, but survived his injuries.)

Sullivan's police arrived 10 minutes into the riot, but initially took no action to halt the beatings. Hearing that Mann was on the loading platform, Sullivan rushed to the scene. As Sullivan tried to assert his authority over Mann, Judge Jones and State Attorney General MacDonald Gallion arrived to take charge. Their primary concern was not to stop the riot or arrest Klansmen, but to read the Judge's injunction to the nearly unconscious Freedom Riders. At that point, Mann called for his state troopers whom he had stationed several blocks away. Their arrival restored order to the terminal.' " Later life

Following Patterson's administration in 1963, Mann was interviewed and considered for the position of police chief of Trenton, New Jersey, and Kansas City, Missouri.He chose to return to a company near his home, where he was employed by West Point Pepperell in Lanett, Alabama, as director of security. Later he was employed by the University of Alabama, where he served as special assistant for security. When University of Alabama president Dr. David Matthews was appointed as Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare, Col. Mann went to Washington as his assistant. At the end of the Ford administration, he returned to the University of Alabama as vice president of external affairs. Col. Mann retired from the university in 1982. Col. Mann returned to state service again in 1982, when he served one and a half years in the Fob James administration as chief administrator of the Alcoholic Beverage Control Board. Among his many awards and honors, Col. Mann was named United Press International's man of the year in Alabama for 1961. Col. Mann originated the Alabama Highway Patrol cadet program in 1959, which allowed young recruits age 18 to 22 to train for a future career as an Alabama highway patrol officer. In 1947, he attended the FBI's National Academy, a six-month intensive police training program in Virginia, and later served as the president of the Alabama chapter of the FBI National Academy Graduates. In 1988, Col. Mann was one of the first inductees in the Alabama Peace Officers Hall of Fame. At his initiation, his superiors remarked that "Floyd Mann knew what was going on." Upon his untimely death, he was the executive director of the state Fraternal Order of Police, where he had served since 1988.

Richard Zenith and Floyd Mann

Richard Zenith (born February 23, 1956, Washington, D.C.) is an American-Portuguese writer and translator, winner of Pessoa's award in 2012.

Contents 1 Life 2 Awards 3 Works 3.1 Translations 4 Reviews 5 References


He graduated from the University of Virginia, in 1979. Has lived in Colombia, Brazil, France and Portugal since 1987. He has Portuguese citizenship.

Considered by many personalities a Fernando Pessoa's expert (former Secretary of Culture Francisco José Viegas called him "one of the greatest") has translated into English language the poet's works as much as defending Pessoa's poetry in English. Has also translated Antero de Quental, Sophia de Mello Breyner, Nuno Júdice, António Lobo Antunes, Luís de Camões among other writers.

Organized the hugely successful Fernando Pessoa, Plural como o Universo exposition, alongside Carlos Felipe Moisés, dedicated to Pessoa's life and heteronyms, in Lisbon's Gulbenkian Foundation, São Paulo's Museum of Portuguese Language and Rio de Janeiro's Centro Cultural Correios. Awards 1987 – Guggenheim Fellowship 1999 – PEN Award for Poetry in Translation 2006 – Harold Morton Landon Translation Award 2012 – Prémio Pessoa Works Translations Fernando Pessoa (2002). The book of disquiet. Translator Richard Zenith. Penguin Classics. ISBN 978-0-14-118304-6.  (Carcanet 1991 edition) Fernando Pessoa (1999). Fernando Pessoa and Co.: Selected Poems. Translator Richard Zenith. Grove Press. ISBN 978-0-8021-3627-5.  Fernando Pessoa (2002). The Selected Prose of Fernando Pessoa. Translator Richard Zenith. Grove Press. ISBN 978-0-8021-3914-6.  Antonio Lobo Antunes (2001). The Natural Order of Things. Translator Richard Zenith. Grove Press. ISBN 978-0-8021-3813-2.  Antonio Lobo Antunes (2004). The Inquisitors' Manual. Translator Richard Zenith. Grove Press. ISBN 978-0-8021-4052-4.  Antonio Lobo Antunes (1996). Act of the Damned. Translator Richard Zenith. Grove Press. ISBN 978-0-8021-3476-9.  José Luís Peixoto (2008). The Implacable Order of Things. Translator Richard Zenith. Random House, Inc. ISBN 978-0-385-52446-9.  Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian (1995). 113 Galician-Portuguese troubadour poems. Translator Richard Zenith. Carcanet. ISBN 978-1-85754-207-3.  João Cabral de Melo Neto (2005). Education by stone: selected poems. Translator Richard Zenith. Archipelago Books. ISBN 978-0-9749680-1-8.  Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen (1997). Log Book: Selected Poems. Translator Richard Zenith. Carcanet. ISBN 978-1-85754-364-3.  Fernando Pessoa (2005). The Education of the Stoic: The Only Manuscript of the Baron of Teive. Translator Richard Zenith. D.A.P. ISBN 978-1-878972-40-8.  Antero de Quental (1998). The Feeling of Immortality: Selected Writings. Translator Richard Zenith. Mermaid Turbulence. ISBN 978-1-901776-05-8.  Nuno Judice (1997). Meditation on Ruins. Translator Richard Zenith. Archangel. ISBN 978-80-901800-8-6.  Reviews

As a result, there can be no definitive edition of The Book of Disquiet. Written on and off over a period of more than 20 years, seemingly beginning as a book by another of Pessoa's heteronyms, Vicente Guedes, and slowly evolving into the imaginary testament of Soares, it is a dishevelled album of thoughts, sensations and imagined memories that can never be fully deciphered. Any version is bound to be a construction. In his notes on the text, Richard Zenith recognises this and suggests that readers "invent their own order or, better yet, read the work's many parts in absolutely random order". Despite this disclaimer, readers of Zenith's edition will find it supersedes all others in its delicacy of style, rigorous scholarship and sympathy for Pessoa's fractured sensibility.
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